• Featured Image Could the Common Core Standards Shifting Too Rapidly

    About three states embark charge on Common Core, however they are they moving overly swift? New Jersey, Maryland, and Washington State are probably the first states to fasten graduation on to brand-new Common Core tests. However experts think kinks nonetheless must be worked out.
    States intending to deliver trust towards the Common Core through tying brand new examinations to school criteria will be bumping into and along resistance.

    Forty-three states are currently signed on to the Common Core State guidelines, a voluntary system developed to make sure that high school graduates are ready for college. New Jersey, Maryland, and Washington are among a smaller quantity beginning to link graduation needs to your brand new and more difficult Common Core screening systems.
    For supporters, the techniques are a normal an element of the change from the adoption period of Common Core to in fact applying the criteria in a significant method. But a myriad of critics say the process is going means too fast.

    New Jersey is preparing to roll off its examinations before it has also determined what the passing scores is supposed to be – really experimenting utilizing the very first pupils whom embarque it. At the same time, Maryland is preparing to divide its test results into two tiers, a move that critics say waters down the important function of Common Core.
    In all, 24 says presently have “exit exams” that students have to pass to get their high school diploma (though choices are offered for particular situations). At the very least 10 says may use new Common Core examinations into the following years for graduation demands, in accordance to a report by New America, a community plan basis in Washington.
    The challenges being encountered by New Jersey, Maryland, and others point to prospective speed bumps along the way.

    “Common Core tests are perhaps not ready for prime time,” says Robert Schaeffer, public training director for FairTest, the National Center for Fair and Open Testing in Boston.
    The objective associated with brand-new standards and exams is to improve on abysmal stats like this one: About 40 percent of high college graduates within the United States have to take remedial courses in math or English before they may be able begin generating college credits. But if colleges raise requirements without a giving extra help to the many challenged students, high college graduation prices could fall considerably, according to forecasts in a 2013 report by the Carnegie Corporation of New York: The rate of students who graduate within six years of starting high school would drop from 85 % to 70 percent. As a result, says going quickly toward totally applying Common Core are being closely viewed.

    New Jersey

    New Jersey’s plan had been to relieve its method into new Common Core tests over three many years. But a Sept. 30 memo from the state’s acting knowledge commissioner states the brand new exams for 9th-, 10th-, and 11th-graders is supposed to be administered this springtime – and pupils can utilize moving scores as a good way to meet up with graduation demands. Alternative methods to meet the graduation necessity include SAT/ACT scores or a profile that meets certain criteria.

    It’s a de facto graduation prerequisite, and “it is not fair to pupils,” says Stan Karp, manager associated with the Secondary Reform Project at the knowledge Law Center in Newark.
    Richard Vaspucci, a spokesman for the New Jersey Department of Education, says students will nonetheless poses numerous choices to demonstrate proficiency and graduate, and “since we believe that a great number of all of our students will do well…, we are allowing those scores to count within the student’s prefer as one of the options.”

    Maryland

    A number of states plan to utilize the brand-new examinations to determine one score for earning a diploma and a higher score for showing school or career preparedness. In Maryland, passing examinations in PARCC’s English 10 and Algebra I’ll be necessary for graduation, while ratings on higher-level courses will suggest university ability, notes the New America report. The Montgomery County Board of Education delivered a page Wednesday asking the Maryland Board of Education to postpone this new graduation requirements, which would initially impact the class of 2017, by two years. “If a college-ready slice rating differs through the graduation cut score, what’s the most meaningful indicator for establishments of greater education or companies? What emails do tiered cut scores send to students?” penned Montgomery’s board president, Philip Kauffman.

    Washington State

    Washington State intends to allow current pupils to select between current tests together with brand new Common Core checks to meet up with graduation requirements (developed by the Smarter Balanced consortium). Beginning with the course of 2019, but, students will need to pass this new math and English vocabulary arts exams, as well as a biology program exam. But Washington pupils additionally have actually a brand new motivation to-do well in the Smarter Balanced tests starting this spring. If they score above a certain level, condition two-year and four-year colleges revealed they will perhaps not need to take placement examinations to start taking credit-bearing English and math classes.



  • What exactly is stuttering?

    Many of us have the capacity to be able to stutter if pressed far enough. This may materialize in a very difficult interrogation in a police station, talking to a disaster programs on the telephone, or trying to react to a particularly agile and demanding lawyer while you’re on the witness stand in court.

    Stuttering is most significantly found when little children are finding out how to talk. Conversely, nearly all children and teenagers develop from this period of common stuttering.

    According to the National Library of Medicine, stuttering can be 3 times more common in boys when compared with girls. Nearly all young kids will stop stuttering the older they get. The speech condition impacts less than 1% of all older individuals.

    For some people, however, the challenge continues on and requires some kind of specialist, such as speech therapy. It is crucial that mothers and fathers never amplify their kid’s anxiety by attracting an excessive amount of attention to the challenge whenever they are making efforts to speak verbally. The calmer a child seems the lower severe the symptoms tend to develop into.

    Signs and symptoms

    Someone who stutters oftentimes will repeat phrases as well as components of phrases, furthermore is likely to lengthen specific speech sounds. Some might also believe it is much harder to begin certain keywords, repeat words or components of words and phrases. A few can become anxious when they begin to converse, they might eye blink dramatically, their mouth or even jaw may possibly shiver while they make an effort to talk vocally.

    As reported by the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, many people whom stutter come across very tense or even out-of-breath every time they chat. Their very own speaking could be absolutely “blocked” (halted).

    “Terminated” is the moment their lips come into the best position to state the word, and yet practically no noise comes free. This may last several seconds. From time to time the desired expression is uttered, or maybe interjections are used in order to holdup the initiation of a phrase the actual speaker knows results in troubles. Samples of interjections consist of this kind of terms like “um”, “like”, “I mean”, “well”, as well as “uumm”.

    Below is actually a listing of typical symptoms and signs corresponding with stuttering:

    • Issues starting a term, phrase or maybe words
    • Doubt prior to certain sounds ought to be completed
    • Duplicating a sound, keyword or even syllable
    • Specific speech sounds could be prolonged
    • Speech may possibly happen out in bursts
    • Phrase together with certain sounds are switched for other types (periphrasis)
    • Fast blinking (when aiming to communicate)
    • Trembling lips (while trying to talk)
    • Shoe may tap (while struggling to talk)
    • Shaking mouth (when intending to communicate)
    • Head along with torso tighten up (whenever striving to speak)
    • Several may perhaps look exhausted whenever talking
    • Interjection, which include “uhm” applied with greater frequency preceding trying to speak specific noise.

    What exactly triggers stuttering?

    Specialists typically are not perfectly sure. Many of us are aware that a person that has a stutter is a lot more very likely to poses a close household member whom additionally has one, versus other folks. All of the following factors might also trigger/cause stuttering:

    Developmental stuttering – as children learn to speak they often stutter, especially early on when their speech and language skills are not developed enough to race along at the same speed as what they want to say. The majority of children experience fewer and fewer symptoms as this developmental stage progresses until they can speak flowingly.

    Neurogenic stuttering – when the signals between the brain and speech nerves and muscles are not working properly. This may affect children, and according to the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders3 may also affect adults after a stroke or some brain injury. In rare cases neurogenic stuttering results in lesions (abnormal tissue) in the motor speech area of the brain.

    Psychological factors – it used to be believed that the main reasons for long-term stuttering were psychological. Fortunately, this is not the case anymore.

    Physiological elements may make stuttering a whole lot worse for individuals that stutter, such as fatigue, embarrassment, and so forth., and yet they are certainly not generally considerd as root enduring factors. In a nutshell, panic, reduced self-confidence, anxiety, as well as anxiety subsequently dont lead to stuttering per se. Rather, these are the product of coping with a stigmatized speech concern which can sometimes produce problems worse.

    Experts from the Murdoch Children’s Research Institute, Victoria, Australia, stated in the publication Pediatrics that stuttering seriously is not linked to developmental trouble, as several experts feel.

    The truth is, Professor Sheena Reilly and colleagues found that stuttering had been linked to improved words as well as non-verbal expertise. They discovered absolutely no discernible relationship together with emotional or psychological downsides.

    The very crew’s decision immediately after performing a study regarding 1,600 children was actually that to “watch and wait” is likely to be a lot more recommended when compared with asking for speech therapy quickly.

    Parenting type just isn’t connected to stuttering possibilities, says The kids medical institution at Westmead.



  • Featured Image Why does my child stutter?

    What is Stuttering?

    The American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) outlines stutterings impact on the the fluency of speech. Typically, stuttering begins during childhood and can lasts throughout a persons life. Disfluencies, or the disruptions in the production of speech sounds, is a key characteristic of the disorder. Most people produce brief disfluencies from time to time, however, some individuals display a higher frequency of disfluences, characterizing themselves as a stutterer. Stuttering are not necessarily a problem; however, they can impede communication when a person produces too many of them.

    How do I identify that my child is a stutterer?

    Identifying stuttering in your child’s speech would seem like an easy task because Disfluencies often disrupt a their communication making the disorder easy to “stand out”. Parents and teachers can usually detect when a child is stuttering. Some characteristics of stuttered speech are not as easy for you to detect. As a result, diagnosing stuttering requires the skills of a certified speech-language pathologist (SLP).

    In most cases, stuttering has an impact on several daily activities in your child’s life. The specific activities that a child finds challenging to perform vary across individuals. For some children, communication difficulties only happen during specific activities, for example, talking on the telephone or talking before large groups. For most others, however, communication difficulties occur across a number of activities at home, school, or work. Some people may limit their participation in certain activities. Such “participation restrictions” often occur because the person is concerned about how others might react to disfluent speech. Other people may try to hide their disfluent speech from others by rearranging the words in their sentence (circumlocution), pretending to forget what they wanted to say, or declining to speak. Other people may find that they are excluded from participating in certain activities because of stuttering. Clearly, the impact of stuttering on daily life can be affected by how the person and others react to the disorder.

    What does research say?

    A recent study in the New England Journal of Medicine reveals three genetic mutations in the brain cells of people who stutter. These cells are located in the part of the brain that controls speech, suggesting that the common “Nature vs. Nurture” debate now indicates that genes may play a bigger role in the disorder than previously understood.

    Dennis Drayna, co-author of the study and a researcher at the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, said “People have looked for a cause of stuttering for 5,000 years,” “Many, many things have been suggested as a cause of stuttering. None of them have turned out to be true. For the first time today, we know one of the causes of this disorder.”

    About the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association

    ASHA is the national professional, scientific, and credentialing association for more than 173,000 audiologists, speech-language pathologists, speech, language, and hearing scientists, audiology and speech-language pathology support personnel, and students. Audiologists specialize in preventing and assessing hearing and balance disorders as well as providing audiologic treatment, including hearing aids. Speech-language pathologists identify, assess, and treat speech and language problems, including swallowing disorders.



  • Speech and Language Disorders Increased by 63%

    This week, a new study published in the journal “Pediatrics” called “Changing Trends of Childhood Disability, 2001–2011” reported an increase in disabilities associated with speech problems from 2001 through 2011, siting an increase of up to 63%, along with an increase in hearing disabilities of up to 15%. According to the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA), the study is outlines the importance of early intervention via speech language therapy for children experiencing these disorders.

    The study also sites that although the number of children with physical disabilities decreased during the same time period, there was a significant increase in the number of disabilities due to neurodevelopmental or mental health problems. According to data gathered from the government-conducted National Health Interview Survey, while children from impoverish environments experienced the highest rates of disability, the largest increase (28%) were experienced in wealthier families.

    Child (Small)

    In October of 2013, ASHA launched the Identify the Signs campaign to help raise awareness of the early warning signs that a child may experience with a speech or hearing problem. Patricia Prelock, president of the ASHA stated For some problems, if we detect them early enough, we can reverse the course or prevent the disorder from occurring…We know that those disorders that are not detected lead to social isolation and academic challenges, so it’s really important to do something as soon as possible.”

    About the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association
    ASHA is the national professional, scientific, and credentialing association for more than 173,000 audiologists, speech-language pathologists, speech, language, and hearing scientists, audiology and speech-language pathology support personnel, and students. Audiologists specialize in preventing and assessing hearing and balance disorders as well as providing audiologic treatment, including hearing aids. Speech-language pathologists identify, assess, and treat speech and language problems, including swallowing disorders. For more information regarding ASHA, please visit them at http://www.asha.org/.



  • What does Autism mean to you?

    Autism is a developmental disorder, which typically appears in a child’s first three years of life. Diagnosis can come from a speech therapist, wither in a school system or private practice. A child’s diagnosis can range based on its affects on the brain’s normal development of social and communication skills.

    Autism Spectrum Disorder, or ASD, is categorized as a range of neurodevelopment disorders which are directly correlated to social impairments, communication difficulties. These impairments are evident by characteristics such as  restricted, repetitive, and stereotyped patterns of behavior. Cause of autism is a very hot topic, but at minimum,  further testing may be needed if you as a parents, teacher or doctor are concerned for a child current development. Below are speech language milestones that a child can expect:

    • Babbling by within the first year

    • Pointing, waving hi (gesturing) within the first year

    • Single words within 1.5 year

    The lose of any language or social skills at any age, or failure to meet several speech and language milestones are cause for additional testing, to be done by a local speech therapy for kids in your local area.

    Treatment is most successful when a program is created to meet the individual child’s needs. An experienced team can design such a program, and most often include several therapy approaches, including including:

    Visit the speech therapy wiki page for more detail